My Inner Wellness Journey

What is High Blood Pressure? Cause And Effect

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High Blood Pressure, also known as Hypertension or HBP, can become a very serious and can eventually become a very deadly condition to us. I am lucky to not suffer from this personally, but my mother and many more in my family suffer and so I am doing everything I can to avoid such a fate. I also want people to know what is high blood pressure and the causes and effects is has on you, friends and FAMILY!

One thing I do know is, one bad thing can lead to something even WORST. No one wants to deal with something that could have been dealt with, so why not cut it off from the start. What is High Blood Pressure? Causes and Effects; come along with me and get in the know!

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is when your blood pressure, which is the force of your blood rushing and pushing against your blood vessels is too high, consistently.

In order for you to function properly, your body’s organs and tissues need to receive the oxygenated blood the circulatory system carries throughout the body. When the heart beats, it creates pressure, pushing your blood through many tube like vessels called arteries, veins and capillaries.

The pressures are a result of two forces, called the Systolic and Diastolic pressure and they go as followed:

Systolic Pressure- This occurs as the heart pumps out of the heart, flowing into the arteries, away from the heart which is part of the circulatory system.

Diastolic Pressure- it is created as the heart rests in between the hearts beat.

These are the two forces that represents, by numbers, your results when checking your Blood Pressure.

Where Does The Problem Start

When you increase the workload of your heart and blood vessels, you are making them work harder with less efficiency. It is the primary way high pressure can cause harm. Over time, the constant friction and force of the high blood pressure damages the very delicate tissues inside the arteries causing LDL, bad cholesterol, to form plaque along the tiny tears in the artery wall. This signifies the beginning of atherosclerosis. The more the plaque builds up and damage continue, the narrower the wall of the artery becomes, raising your blood pressure and the vicious circle begins.

This can ultimately lead to other conditions, such as a stroke or from a heart attack to arrhythmia (erratic heart beat).

The “Silent Killer”

It is common for a person to not feel anything is off, but high blood pressure can sneak up like a ninja and threaten your health. Most of the time there are no obvious symptoms to indicate anything is wrong. That is how it received the nickname “The Silent Killer”. The only thing a person can do to prevent it from creeping up on you is to KNOW your numbers and MAKE the changes needed in order to prevent or even manage high blood pressure.

5 Tips to Controlling Your Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can be fatal, so I have complied 5 tips you can use to help keep it under control:

  1. Know Your Numbers- Knowledge is power and if you have your numbers you can better manage it. The target number would be below 130/80 mm Hg, but every one is different and your doctor might recommend a different target number. Always listen to your doctor.
  2. Work With Your Doctor- Your healthcare provider will know how best to treat you as they know your history and such. Work with them to put you on the right path for a plan to lower your blood pressure.
  3. Making Some Lifestyle Changes- Many cases will involve your doctor recommending one to all of these:
    • Maintaining a healthy weight- The recommended body mass index (BMI) is between 18.5 and 24.9.
    • Healthier Eating– Eat less saturated and total fats while increasing fruit, veggables and low-fat dairy intake.
    • Reduce Sodium Intake– It is ideal to stay under 1,500 mg a day, but always strive to aim for 1,000 mg instead.
    • Get More Active– Lets all aim for 90 to 150 minutes of aerobic and/or dynamic resistance exercise per week. Or anything to keep the circulation and heart running smoothly.
    • Limit Alcohol Intake– Do not drink more than 1 to 2 cups daily. For most women only 1 cup and for most men; 2 cups.
  4. Check Your Own Blood Pressure At Home- There should not be an excuse for not checking it at home. Your need to be able to keep track of it. The better you understand how it is especially with you, the better you are able to counteract it.
  5. Take Your Medicine- Always take the medicine given to you by your provider. Make sure you are taking the right amount at the directed time given.

Effects Caused By High Blood Pressure

Over time, high blood pressure can cause a massive amount of health problems that surpass that of the circulatory system. Especially when it goes untreated, there is no limit the damage your high blood pressure can cause.

The following are some damages that can happen:

  • Raises the risk of a stroke or heart attack.
  • Your are more likely to develop heart failure
  • Your may experience chest pain
  • It may cause kidney damage
  • Can cause vision issues
  • Your can develop sexual dysfunction
  • Can cause peripheral artery disease (PAD- occurring when arteries in your legs, stomach, arms or head become narrow and cause pain, fatigue and cramping. This increases the risk of heart attack or stroke.)
  • Higher risk of hypertensive crisis (When your blood pressure RAPIDLY raises above 180/120 – Symptoms include blurry vision or any vision problem, dizziness, nosebleeds, severe headaches, can become lightheaded, shortness of breath, feelings of anxiety and chest discomfort or pain.)

So please, if you are having symptoms that matches those on the list, go see your healthcare provider and have a check up! It is easier to prevent and maintain that before than to feel the damaging effects of having high blood pressure and maintaining after.

Love Extends To Self Care

Love yourself to know yourself! Are you going to be one of the lucky few that has the good fortune and catch it early on? Are you going to sit around, waiting for symptoms to show until you get checked? Will you risk your healthy body and let the world roll the dice?

If not, show the ULTIMATE SELF CARE and treat yourself like you LOVE yourself. See your doctor and work out a plan to get you right on track because who needs the worry and pain of such a disease.

**Hello my lovely readers! Please leave comments, questions or even what are you doing to prevent or maintain your HBP!! Let’s get a discussion going on! Did I leave anything out, enlighten me!! I am all eyes, to read your words of course!! Thank you for your time and attention! Bless you all!**



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  1. This is a great post and you point out some important facts about hypertension. Some of us could be walking around with high blood pressure right now and we wouldn’t have any symptoms. Since my mom has hypertension, I take precautions to prevent it. I limit sodium and have adjusted my diet. I think it is important for us to get educated on topics like this to know how to not only care for themselves in a way to prevent hypertension but to also treat ourselves if ever the problem were to arise. Thanks for preparing an article such as this.

    1. Hello Mellisa!!
      Thank you for your comment! It is so dangerous for a person who doesnt know, going about their day as if nothing was wrong!
      If they don’t know how can it be maintained or prevented, how can we control it?
      Knowledge is POWER. SO you go GIRL!
      Keep Being AMAZING

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